Niskama Karma(Selfless deeds)
Shrimad Bhagvad Gita is more concerned with the right approach to the performance of karma rather than running away from karma. The right approach cons ists of two important aspects:
1. Sankalp(संकल्प ) sanyasa or abdication of motives.
2. Tyaga (त्याग )or offering of the results at the feet of God.
This way of doing karma (deeds) is known as niskamakarma (selfless deeds) or nivrittikarma . Shrimad Bhagvad Gita declares that one should concern oneself with the duties to be performed but not with the results that may occur. ‘Result should not be the motive of any deeds’ Shrimad Bhagvad Gita says. Eligibility of an person is to be decided on the way of performing deeds as described by Scriptures not by person’s interest in result of work. This approach is expressed in Shrimad Bhagvad Gita by the expressions like ‘sangam tyaktva’, ‘asaktah’, ‘kamasankalpavarjita’ etc. Activity undertaken with such a frame of mind is known as niskamakarma or nivrittikarma. Such an attitude is possible only, if one understands his role in the activity correctly.
There are basicly five factors underlying each activity according to Shrimad Bhagvad Gita.
1. Adhisthana (अधिष्ठान ) i.e., the place, the object with reference to which an activity is initiated.
2. Karta (करता ) ( i.e., the Jiva who is only a dependent agent.
3. Karana (कारण) i.e., the instruments i.e. Indriyas etc.
4. Vividha chesta (विविध चेस्टा) i.e. the various actions of these that are necessary for the production of results.
5. Daiva (देवा) i.e. the supreme God who is behind all these as director and regulator. One who knows this will easily realize his limited role and will be able to undertake niskamakarma.
Engaging oneself in such a nivrttikarma, one has to dedicate the results of his activity at the feet of God. This is tyaga, Gita declares it more than once. ‘Mayi servanikarmani sammyasya’ ‘[Yat karosi yad asnasi’ etc. several statements make it clear that the fulfillment of work is in the dedication of it to the God. Work is worship is the motto of Gita. ‘Svakarmanatam abhyaechya Siddhim Vindati manavah’.
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