Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan.
His father was Maharana Udai Singh II and his mother was Rani Jeevant
Kanwar. Maharana Udai Singh II ruled the kingdom of Mewar, with his
capital at Chittor. Maharana Pratap was the eldest of twenty-five sons
and hence given the title of Crown Prince. He was destined to be the
54th ruler of Mewar, in the line of the Sisodiya Rajputs.
In 1567, when Crown Prince Pratap Singh was only 27, Chittor was
surrounded by the Mughal forces of Emperor Akbar. Maharana Udai Singh
II decided to leave Chittor and move his family to Gogunda, rather
than capitulate to the Mughals. The young Pratap Singh wanted to stay
back and fight the Mughals but the elders intervened and convinced him
to leave Chittor, oblivious of the fact that this move from Chittor
was going to create history for all times to come.
In 1576, the famous battle of Haldighati was fought with 20,000
Rajputs against a Mughal army of 80,000 men commanded by Raja Man
Singh. The battle was fierce though indecisive, to the Mughal army’s
astonishment. Maharana Pratap’s army was not defeated but Maharana
Pratap was surrounded by Mughal soldiers. It is said that at this
point, his estranged brother, Shakti Singh, appeared and saved the
Rana’s life. Another casualty of this war was Maharana Pratap’s
famous, and loyal, horse Chetak, who gave up his life trying to save